【魁北克 21號法案面臨法律挑戰】- 今日600國語新聞
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【魁北克 21號法案面臨法律挑戰】- 今日600國語新聞

星期四 一些代表多个信仰团体
On Thursday, a number of lawyers representing

的律师在魁北克高等法院提交动议
multiple faith groups filed a motion in the High Court of Quebec

称魁 省政府禁止公务员上班时
stating that the Quebec government’s prohibition of civil servants

佩戴宗教标识违反了宪法中
from wearing religious symbols in violation of the

有关保护性别平等和宗教自由的原则
Constitution’s principles of protection of gender equality

超越了省政府的司法权限
and religious freedom transcended the provincial government’s jurisdiction

这项世俗主义法律也被称为《 21号法案》
This secularist law, also known as Act No. 21

在今年6月通过实施后
has faced a constitutional challenge jointly raised by Muslim groups

已经面临着穆斯林团体和其它
and other civil rights organizations

民权组织共同提出的宪法挑战
after its implementation in June this year

尽管几次民意测验表明
Although several polls showed that

该法案在法语魁北克人中受到欢迎
the bill was welcomed among French Quebecers

根据这一法律 公职教师
According to this law, public teachers

政府律师和警察不得在
government lawyers and police officers

工作中佩戴宗教符号
are not allowed to wear religious symbols at work

自秋季学期开始以来
Since the beginning of the fall semester

已经出现了几起妇女因拒绝摘除头巾
there have been several cases in which women have been refused to serve

而被拒绝出任教职的案例
as faculty members because they refused to remove their headscarves

这次魁北克共融联盟提出的动议认为
The motion proposed by the Québec Union Alliance said

“从根本上说 世俗法律采用的
“Fundamentally, secular law adopts a rather rude

是一种相当粗暴和可恶的歧视形式
and abominable form of discrimination

即禁止佩戴宗教符号
that is, the prohibition of wearing religious symbols

并以人权语言包装该禁令”
and packaging the ban in human rights.”

魁省省长弗朗索瓦·勒戈(François Legault)
Quebec Governor François Legault has insisted that

则一直坚称该法律并未特别指出
the law does not specifically address

任何特定的宗教或性别
any particular religion or gender

魁北克共融联盟的律师之一
Eric Mendelsohn, one of the

埃里克·孟德尔森(Eric Mendelsohn)说
lawyers of the Québec Union, said

“这些论点在加拿大宪法中不成立
“These arguments are not established in the Canadian Constitution

省级立法机构也无权
The provincial legislature does not have the right

以法律形式确定偏爱哪种宗教
right to determine which religion

不赞成哪种宗教
to favor in legal form

这是基本的宪法规范”
Religion, this is the basic constitutional norm.”

该动议认为 《 21号法案》充满了矛盾
The motion believes that Act No. 21

不可能公正地应用到社会生活中
is full of contradictions and cannot be applied to social life impartially

魁北克高等法院预计
The Quebec High Court is expected

要在几个月后才能审理这一动议
to process the motion in a few months

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